Home Assistant - Linux tablet dashboard and voice assistant

Turning an Intel Atom based Lenovo Tablet 10 (20E4) into a Home Assistant dashboard and voice assistant. Most tutorials for dashboard displays are using Android tablets, but I had this old tablet laying around and figured out how to use it with Home Assistant.

Lenovo tablet with home assistant dashboard

Home Assistant setup🔗

In the Home Assistant UI:

  • Create a kiosk user that can only login from the local network
  • Create an Assist voice assistant, Settings -> Voice Assistants -> Add Assistant

Picking a Linux distro🔗

I wanted a Linux distro that ran well on the low-powered Atom processor while having a good touch interface.

  • Ubuntu 24.04
    • Performance: Gnome ran poorly, this would possibly be improved by gnome-tweaks and disabling animations.
    • Keyboard: Gnome on-screen keyboard would popup but wouldn't accept input.
    • Touch: Gnome has a good tablet mode with display scaling.
  • Fedora Workstation 40
    • Performance: Same Gnome performance issues as Ubuntu.
    • Keyboard: Gnome on-screen keyboard worked but had an odd quirk where the shift key acted like caps lock.
    • Touch: Same as Ubuntu
  • Lubuntu/Kubuntu 24.04
    • Performance: LXQt and KDE Plasma 5 both were lighter than Gnome and ran well.
    • Keyboard: Onboard keyboard crashes. Florence isn't in the package repos. Maliit keyboard seems to only work under Wayland (which is current not the default).
    • Touch: Touch worked but the mouse pointer was visible.
  • KDE Neon
    • Performance: KDE Plasma 6 ran well but had some missing icons.
    • Keyboard: I had to manually set the virtual keyboard to Maliit keyboard but then worked well.
    • Touch: KDE Plasma 6 has a tablet mode making icons larger, display scaling settings and the mouse pointer is not visible.
  • Fedora Spin KDE Desktop 40
    • Performance: KDE Plasma 6 ran well and was not missing icons.
    • Keyboard: Defaulted to the Maliit keyboard.
    • Touch: Same as KDE Neon.

KDE Plasma 6 with the Maliit keyboard gave me the best tablet mode and on-screen keyboard. The difference between KDE Neon and Fedora Spin KDE Desktop was that the Fedora Spin version does not use the bleeding edge version of the KDE apps. (KDE Neon is also based on Ubuntu LTS and Fedora Spin KDE Desktop is based on Fedora)

Alternative on-screen keyboards🔗

Installing Linux🔗

  1. Shutdown the tablet
  2. Power on the tablet and hold the volume-up button until the ThinkPad Tablet Setup app starts
  3. Plug-in Linux USB drive
  4. Reorder USB to be the first boot device
  5. Reboot

When installing you might want leave the Recovery Partition. I removed it and the ThinkPad Tablet Setup broke.

After installation🔗

These are the changes I made to make it function as a kiosk:

  • Make a kiosk user and login as kiosk
  • Setup Firefox
    • Set homepage to http://homeassistant.local:8123
    • Add autofullscreen Extension to auto-fullscreen on startup.
    • Disable resuming on crash about:config -> browser.sessionstore.resume_from_crash -> false
  • Setup KDE to start Firefox on login
    • Settings -> Autostart -> Add -> Firefox
  • Tweak screen sleep time
    • Settings -> Energy Saving
  • Disable screen locking
    • Settings -> Screen Locking
  • Disable animations
    • Quick Settings -> Animation Speed: Instant
  • Set hostname
    • sudo hostnamectl set-hostname --static <new-name>
  • Enable SSH (optional)

Tablet voice assistant setup🔗

Test MIC and playback🔗

$ arecord -r 16000 -c 1 -f S16_LE -t wav -d 5 test.wav
$ aplay -r 22050 -c 1 -f S16_LE -t wav test.wav

Install Python 3.11🔗

Python 3.12 is currently not supported by tflight-runtime

# yum install git python3.11

Setup wyoming-openwakeword🔗

wyoming-openwakeword allows us to use local wake word detection rather than Home Assistant's wake word detection.

Clone and setup python venv🔗

$ git clone https://github.com/rhasspy/wyoming-openwakeword.git /opt/ha-assist/wyoming-openwakeword
$ cd /opt/ha-assist/wyoming-openwakeword
$ python3.11 script/setup

Setup wyoming-openwakeword systemd service🔗

  • Replace ok_nabu with whichever wake word model you want

See wyoming-openwakeword docs for more information.

# systemctl edit --force --full wyoming-openwakeword.service
Description=Wyoming openWakeWord

ExecStart=python3.11 script/run --uri 'tcp://' --preload-model 'ok_nabu'


Enable and start wyoming-openwakeword service🔗

# systemctl daemon-reload
# systemctl enable wyoming-openwakeword.service
# systemctl start wyoming-openwakeword.service

Setup wyoming-satellite🔗

wyoming-satellite communicates with Home Assistant using the wyoming protocol.

Clone and setup python venv and install webrtc-noise-gain🔗

$ git clone https://github.com/rhasspy/wyoming-satellite.git /opt/ha-assist/wyoming-satellite
$ cd /opt/ha-assist/wyoming-satellite
$ python3.11 script/setup
$ .venv/bin/pip3 install 'webrtc-noise-gain==1.2.3'

Setup wyoming-satellite systemd service🔗

  • Replace ok_nabu with whichever wake word model you picked.
  • Change ha-kiosk to the name you want to see in Home Assistant.
  • Change the /run/user/<uid> uid to match your kiosk user, setting XDG_RUNTIME_DIR is required for arecord and aplay to work when run from a systemd service. (Otherwise you will get a error: arecord: main:850: audio open error: Host is down)

See wyoming-satellite docs for additional settings.

# systemctl edit --force --full wyoming-satellite.service
Description=Wyoming Satellite

ExecStart=python3.11 script/run --name 'ha-kiosk' --wake-word-name 'ok_nabu' --awake-wav "/opt/ha-assist/sounds/awake.wav" --mic-no-mute-during-awake-wav --mic-auto-gain 5 --mic-noise-suppression 2 --uri 'tcp://' --mic-command 'arecord -r 16000 -c 1 -f S16_LE -t raw' --snd-command 'aplay -r 22050 -c 1 -f S16_LE -t raw' --wake-uri 'tcp://'


Enable and start wyoming-satellite service🔗

# systemctl daemon-reload
# systemctl enable wyoming-satellite.service
# systemctl start wyoming-satellite.service

Additional settings I used🔗

  • --mic-no-mute-during-awake-wav - Keeps the mic enabled when playing the wake word detection sound.
  • --awake-wav "/opt/ha-assist/sounds/awake.wav"- Plays the /opt/ha-assist/sounds/awake.wav wav file when the wake word is detected.
  • --mic-auto-gain 5 --mic-noise-suppression 2 - Settings for webrtc-noise-gain to reduce noise and boost gain.

Setup wake word detection sound (optional)🔗

Save the sound you want to play when the wake word is detected as /opt/ha-assist/sounds/awake.wav

Check wyoming-satellite and wyoming-openwakeword are working🔗

  • systemctl status wyoming-satellite.service wyoming-openwakeword.service
  • Test your wake word with "ok nabu. What is the weather?"
  • --debug can be added to both wyoming-satellite and wyoming-openwakeword for additional logging.

Additional Home Assistant integrations🔗

These are some integrations that further augment the tablet: